When to use an internal Black Hole Quencher (BHQ) label in a fluorescence-quenched probe for real-time qPCR.
When the sequence length of your probe is 30 bases or shorter, we recommend selecting a conventional BHQ label for the 3' end of your probe. We have noticed, however, that probe lengths longer than 30 bases exhibit high background noise and are frequently nonfunctional. They are too long for efficient FRET quenching, a mechanism that is highly dependent upon the distance between the fluorophore and quencher. A shorter average distance between fluorophore and quencher is optimal for a FRET quenching environment, which is common in real-time qPCR experiments.